George Washington by Gilbert Stuart

James Madison

Fourth President of the United States

James Madison is known as the “Father of the Constitution.” As one of our Founding Fathers, he studied really hard and worked with others to create the framework for the U.S. Government. He believed in a balanced federal government, co-wrote the Federalist Papers, and established the Democrat-Republican Party with President Thomas Jefferson. Madison became the fourth U.S. President in 1808 and served two terms with his wife, First Lady Dolley Madison, at his side. He was instrumental in creating the Bill of Rights, which still protects our freedoms as Americans today. As president, Madison waged war on the British starting the War of 1812, which eventually ended with the Treaty of Ghent in December 1814.  Although there were many criticisms of the war, Madison was well respected and admired as an exceptional American statesman.

“A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

“Philosophy is common sense with big words.”

“The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty.”

“Charity is no part of the legislative duty of the government.”

James Madison was small in stature, and a quiet speaker.

Madison won the presidency in 1808 with nearly 70 percent of the electoral votes.

Madison was the oldest of 12 children and was raised at Montpelier, his family’s plantation.

Montpelier was James Madison’s 2,600+ acre plantation home in Virginia and is open to the public to visit today.

Madison attended college at what is now known as Princeton University.