George Washington by Gilbert Stuart

Washington Monument

Washington, D.C.


Surrounded by 50 flags representing the 50 states, the Washington Monument was one of the first attractions in Washington, D.C. It was built as a tribute to our first president, George Washington. The monument has 897 steps and is over 555 feet tall. Located at the National Mall and to the east of the Reflecting Pool, the Washington Monument officially opened to the public in 1888. The Washington Monument is the tallest building in Washington, D.C.

The Washington Monument shape and design is called an obelisk.


Plans to build the Washington Monument began in 1783, before George Washington was elected president.


The first cornerstone laid at the Washington Monument contained a box with a portrait of George Washington, historic newspapers, some U.S. coins and a copy of the U.S. Constitution.

The Washington Monument is made of about 36,000 blocks of marble and granite!


Thanks to a law passed in 1910, any newly constructed buildings in Washington D.C. must be shorter than the Washington Monument. This law ensures that the monument remains the tallest building in the city.