George Washington by Gilbert Stuart

Second Continental Congress


The Second Continental Congress convened from May 10, 1775 through to March 1, 1781. The English had not met the demands of the First Continental Congress and the Revolutionary War had officially begun. Delegates from all 13 states came together seven times over the years to lead the American people through the War. Their first act as Congress was to establish the Continental Army, led by General George Washington.  On July 4, 1776, they signed the Declaration of Independence. The Second Continental Congress’s final act was the signing of the Articles of Confederation on March 1, 1781.

The Second Continental Congress practically functioned as the American government at the time, doing everything from issuing paper money to establishing a postal system.

John Hancock served as the President of the Second Continental Congress.