George Washington by Gilbert Stuart

Plymouth Colony

Home of the Pilgrims


Plymouth Colony was founded by the Pilgrims in 1620 and lasted until 1691. The area was first surveyed by Captain John Smith, an English explorer. It is located in the modern town of Plymouth, Massachusetts. At its largest, it occupied the southeastern portion of the modern state of Massachusetts. Plymouth, along with Jamestown and other Virginia settlements, was one of the earliest successful English colonies in North America. In 1691, it was merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony and other territories.

The first Thanksgiving took place at Plymouth Colony.


The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document for Plymouth Colony.


William Bradford governed Plymouth Colony for over 30 years.


Plymouth Rock symbolizes the landing site of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony.


Myles Standish was the military leader of Plymouth Colony who helped design the construction of a large wall around Plymouth Colony to help protect it.