Well before the Pilgrims stepped foot in the New World, the Jamestown Settlement was established. In 1607, the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery sailed from England and anchored at the James River. King James I established the Virginia Company of London to support the voyage. The British hoped to colonize new territory, helping their economy. Unfortunately, the harsh conditions of their new home mixed with the inexperience of the settlers led to a very difficult first year. John Smith brought success when he became the colony’s leader, but they later underwent a period known as the ”Starving Time” after he left, when the majority of settlers passed away. Right when they were ready to quit in 1610, a new group of settlers arrived from England. From there, things began to look up!
Jamestown was originally called “James Fort” and was named after King James I.
The majority of the first settlers were businessmen, not trained laborers and farmers.
The first two women did not arrive to Jamestown until 1608, a year after its establishment!
John Rolfe, an English settler, married Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian Cheif Powhatan.
Jamestown was the capital of the Virginia Colony until 1699.