James Monroe

Fifth President of the United States


James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States, serving from 1817 to 1825. Before becoming president, Monroe served in the Continental Army, as a U.S. senator, and as the governor of Virginia. During his time in the presidency, Monroe focused on strengthening foreign relations and expanding American territory. He created the Monroe Doctrine which warned European countries against continued colonization in the Americas. This became an important document for later relationships with Latin America. Additionally, Monroe was a key negotiator in the Louisiana Purchase and the acquiring of Florida which doubled the size of the U.S. After finishing two terms as president, Monroe retired to Virginia with his wife, Elizabeth.

“Our country may be likened to a new house. We lack many things, but we possess the most precious of all – liberty!”

“If we look to the history of other nations, ancient or modern, we find no example of a growth so rapid, so gigantic, of a people so prosperous and happy.”

“In a representative republic, the education of our children must be of the utmost importance!”

“There is a price tag on human liberty. That price is the willingness to assume the responsibilities of being free men. Payment of this price is a personal matter with each of us.”

To negotiate with Spain to acquire Florida, Monroe rode on a mule from Paris to Madrid!


Monroe’s first presidential term was named the “Era of Good Feelings”.


The capital of Liberia, Monrovia, is the only foreign capital in the world to be named after a U.S. president.


Monroe died on July 4th, 1831. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on the same date five years earlier!

Monroe was a Law Apprentice for Thomas Jefferson.