George Washington by Gilbert Stuart

England

A Country within Great Britain


England is a country within the United Kingdom, also known as Great Britain. The Pilgrims were originally from Scrooby, England and escaped to the New World in pursuit of religious freedom.

Windsor Castle, which we visited in Rush Revere and the First Patriots, is located in the English county of Berkshire and was built in the 11th century.  King George III ruled England and resided there during his reign over the colonies in the 1700s. It was against England and Great Britain that the American Patriots fought for their freedom during the American Revolution.

Benjamin Franklin spoke in England in 1765 at the Palace of Westminster, where Parliament was meeting. He spoke against the Stamp Act and warned of potential revolution. The Palace of Westminster is located on the River Thames and was home to the King of England until a fire destroyed it in 1512. Later John Adams was the first Ambassador to the Court of Saint James in England.

Benjamin Franklin made a speech at the Palace of Westminster to fight for the rights of the colonies. Unfortunately, Parliament did not listen and the American Revolutionary War followed.

The House of Commons is the lower house of British Parliament that meets in the Palace of Westminster. It is the more powerful of the two houses of Parliament and is made up of 650 members.

London is the capital of England.


England’s national anthem is called God Save the Queen.


England’s political system is known as a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system.