In 1776, Americans had a fight for their freedom and for sovereignty as a nation in what is known as the American Revolution. The war came as the result of growing tensions between the colonists and the British Crown over taxation without representation, among other things. The Battle of Lexington and Concord officially marked the beginning of the American Revolution. The Battle of Yorktown was the last battle of the war, although the war did not officially come to a close until the signing of the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783. America won the revolution and was finally free of British rule.
“The times that tried men’s souls are over-and the greatest and completest revolution the world ever knew, gloriously and happily accomplished.”—Thomas Paine, The American Crisis, No. 13
“But what do we mean by the American Revolution? Do we mean the American war? The Revolution was effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people; a change in their religious sentiments, of their duties and obligations…”—John Adams to H. Niles, 1818
England and America were not the only countries involved in this war. France, Germany, and Spain all took part as well.
America had its first great victory in the war at the Battle of Saratoga.
Though the United States declared its independence on July 4, 1776, Americans had to fight seven more years to truly gain their sovereignty!