Abigail Adams

Second First Lady of the United States


Abigail Adams was the wife of the second President of the United States, President John Adams. Abigail was John’s closest advisor, and he often came to her for political advice. Abigail and John wrote many letters back and forth over the course of his political career, many of which we still have today. Abigail famously told John to “remember the ladies” in government, explaining that women must have a voice in the laws that bind them. As the First Lady, Abigail also hosted large dinners every week and hosted celebrations for the city of Philadelphia every July 4th. Abigail stood as leader in women’s rights at the time as well as a loyal wife and advisor to President Adams.

”Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence.”

”…remember the ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands.”

”If we mean to have heroes, statesmen and philosophers, we should have learned women.”

”The habits of a vigorous mind are formed in contending with difficulties. Great necessities call out great virtues.”

Some people jokingly referred to Abigail as Mrs. President.


Abigail’s son, John Quincy Adams, later became the sixth President of the United States.


Abigail was the first First Lady to live in the White House.


Abigal was self-educated and loved to read the works by authors like William Shakespeare and John Milton.


Abigail had five children.